Digital Logic Circuit Analysis and Design 2 ed. Continue to app Rating: A “prime implicant” is an implicant of a function which does not imply any other implicant of the function. It consists of set of rows and columns. Is represented by When going from Size 2 to Size 4, treat ‘-‘ as a third bit value. These prime implicants are then examined to see if some of them are redundant.

quine mccluskey method software

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The Quine—McCluskey algorithm or the method of prime implicants is a method used for minimization of Boolean functions that was developed by Willard V.

quine mccluskey method software

See below the changes in each version:. At any one time the variable has a particular value of constant.

So to optimize, all minterms that evaluate to one are first placed in a minterm table. Further merging of the combinations of min terms from adjacent groups is not possible, since they are differed in more than sfotware position.

Be aware that this processing should be continued otherwise size 8 etc. The programme has been developed on Microsoft Quick Basic and supports minimisation on 64 minterms of 64 variables each maximum.

Boolean functions’ minimisation software based on the Quine-McCluskey method

The necessary condition for combining two terms is that the sftware of the two terms must differ by one logic variable which must also be the same. Is represented by If there is a change in only one-bit position, then take the pair of those two min terms.


We can therefore use either of these prime implicants for these minterms. If two terms vary by only a single digit changing, that digit can be replaced with a dash indicating that the digit doesn’t matter. Stop this process when all min terms of given Boolean function are over. So, each row will give one prime implicant.

The second prime implicant can be mccluwkey by the third and fourth, and the third prime implicant can be ‘covered’ by mccljskey second and first, and neither is thus essential.

Quine-McCluskey Tabular Method – Tutorialspoint

Functions with a large number of variables have to be minimized with potentially non-optimal heuristic methods, of which the Espresso heuristic logic minimizer was the de facto standard in Match up the ‘-‘ first. Publisher Description This is a program which helps to simplify boolean equations, using the Quine-McCluskey method. Some NP-complete set covering problems. So we place a star next to it. It is the only prime implicant that covers the minterm decimal 15 and it also includes 5, 7 and Those essential prime implicants will be part of the simplified Boolean function.

The method reduces a function in “standard sum of products form” to a set of “prime implicants” from which as many variables are eliminated as possible. Add a review Tell us your experience with Quine-McCluskey 1.

Minterm 12 is present in A! The given Boolean function is in sum of min terms mcclusiey. For a function of n variables the number of prime implicants can be as large as 3 n ln ne.


As usual, a variable in true form is denoted by 1, in inverted form by 0, and the abscence of a variable by a dash. C, so again either can be used.

Quine–McCluskey algorithm

Each minterm covered by a given prime implicant is marked in the appropriate position. Although more practical than Karnaugh mapping when dealing with more than four variables, the Quine—McCluskey algorithm also has a limited range of use since the problem it solves is NP-complete.

The following table shows the possible merging of min terms from adjacent groups. This indicates that the number of 1’s in a term is significant and is referred to as its index.

quine mccluskey method software

In the current example, the essential prime implicants do not handle all of the minterms, so, in this case, one can combine softsare essential implicants with one of the two non-essential ones to yield one equation:. Similarly for minterm 3.

In mathematics, expressions are simplified for a number of reasons. This will be part of simplified Boolean function.